Number of Temporary Foreign Workers in Canada

Lynsey Kitching
 
In 1913, 400,000 immigrants arrived in Canada and during the 1950s Canada received about one and a half million immigrants from Europe.
 
Since then, much has happened, including classifying immigrants into different categories, such as temporary foreign workers. Workers who are classified as temporary have an expiration date on their time in Canada, set out before they arrive. When that time expires they go back to their country of origin.
 
Since 2009, according to the report, there have been over 30,000 temporary foreign workers coming to Canada from the US every year. In 2011 there were 34,350 temporary workers from the US living in Canada. This means, from 2009 to 2011 there have been about 90,000 temporary foreign workers coming to work in Canada from the US.
 
In the news lately, some people have been very upset about the temporary foreign workers coming from China to work at the HD mining project just outside of town near the Murray River. There will be about 200 miners coming to Tumbler Ridge to work temporarily during the exploration phase and about 2,000 workers potentially coming within the next few years to work in underground coal mines in the Northeast.
 
Though much of the controversy  is due to the question of whether HD Mining did all they could to employ Canadian workers, we as Canadians must look at the big picture of temporary foreign workers and the picture is huge.
 
The amount of workers coming from China to work at the Murray River mine site is less than abundant, in fact, really quite small in comparison to temporary foreign workers coming from other countries.
 
Citizenship and Immigration Canada recently released a report entitled Canada Facts and Figures: Immigration Overview Permanent and Temporary Residents. 
 
What are these workers doing here in Canada?
 
Well, 24,134 of the workers are seasonal agricultural workers (16,455 of workers coming from Mexico), 5,882 of the temporary foreign workers are looking after children as live in caregivers, and 31 percent of the workers were doing a reciprocal job to what they were doing in their country of source. The report does not go into specifics about the reciprocal job section. There were other sections and employment options as well, not just these three. The report goes through the top ten countries where temporary residents to Canada including workers, students, refugee claimants, the humanitarian population and other humanitarian cases originate.
 
For this article, the focus is on the temporary foreign worker statistics, not the other categories. The US was in first place, with more than 30,000 people crossing the border annually.
In second place for quantity of temporary foreign workers coming to Canada annually is Mexico with over 18,655 workers coming to work in Canada during 2011 from south of America. In third place is France, with around 15,777 temporary foreign workers coming to Canada annually since 2009. 
 
Here are the Top Ten Sources for Temporary Foreign Workers in Canada since 2009.
 
US: Over 30,000  annually
– Mexico: Over 15,000 annually
– France: Around 15,000 annually
– United Kingdom: Between 9,000 and 11,000 annually
– Australia: Around 10,000 annually
– Philippines: Around 6,000 for 2010 and 2011, but in 2009 there were around 14,000  annually
– Jamaica, India, Germany and Japan: Around 6,000 annually each.
 
The quantity of Temporary Foreign Workers coming to Canada from China does not make the top ten lists. They place thirteenth with 2,582 Temporary Foreign Workers landing in Canada during 2011. 
 
However China is number one for the number of foreign students studying in Canada with about 21,000 students learning here in Canada.
For a look at the whole report, visit www.cic.gc.ca.